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Cancer Screening

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Screening is an important part of preventative health in general practice.

The main programs that are advised here in Australia to improve the health of the nation and prevent critical diseases.

National Cervical Cancer Screening Program

  • Proven reduction in incidence of cervical cancer by looking for abnormalities of the cells on the cervix or high risk Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) that can lead to cervical cancer.
  • Recent change in that from December 2017 –
    • 5 yearly cervical screening test (liquid based sample replaces traditional pap smear slide testing)
    • Age 25-74
    • Analysis for HPV DNA – if found cervical cell tests (cytology) are performed on this sample
  • A high risk abnormalities are referred to a specialist clinic for colposcopy and potential removal of abnormalities that could lead to cervical cancer.
  • Click here

National Bowel Cancer Screening Program

  • 2 yearly faecal occult blood test (FOBT) sent to people aged 50-74.
  • Looks for hidden blood in faeces that could be from a cancerous tumour.
  • Proven reduction in incidence of bowel cancer.
  • Abnormalities would lead to an urgent referral for a colonoscopy.
  • Click here

Breast Screening Program

  • Every woman aged 50-74 is offered a free mammogram every 2 years.
  • Mammograms look for breast changes associated with breast cancer in asymptomatic women.
  • It should not replace regular checks for lumps and investigation of these by a GP.
  • Click here. Or book in at breast screen victoria by clicking here.

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